Patriotic Front, Movement for Multi-
purpose Democracy, United Nations Independant
Party, United Party for National Development, Heritage Party, All People'
s Congress, Forum for Democracy Development
Formed in 2000 as one of the main opposition parties to Fredrick
T Chiluba' s '3rd term' bid and then further appointment of Levy P
Mwanawasa (then retired from politics) as leader of the MMD, Michael
Sata (formerly a member of the MMD and indeed UNIP in their governing
days) has developed the PF to be Zambia' s leading opposition party
having narrowly lost the last 3 elections disputedly to the MMD.
In 2011 National Election PF finally mustered up enough political
tally to take the Presidency under Mr. Sata and have passed away in November 2014, Edgar Chagwa Lungu took over the leadership of PF and subsequently won the Jan 2015 Presidential election to ensure the continuity of the PF 5 year term and was then re-elected under the new 50 + 1 % clause of the new Constitution in August 2016.
Party for National Development
Formed by Anderson Mazoka, a business tycoon with political interests
back in 1999, he has since passed on the Party' s presidency to Hakainde Hachilema (formerly President F T J Chiluba' s advisor
under the Zambia Privitisation programme in the 1990' s) who has been teh party's presidential candidate in all National elections since
They've come runner up in the last 2 General Elections to PF with a substantial
amount of the Zambian people' s vote and continue to chase vermently for the Nation's government vote.
for Multi- purpose Democracy
Being the formerParty that lead the nation under President Rupiah
Banda until 2011, MMD was formed back in 1990 as the leading opposition
party to Kenneth Kaunda and the UNIP party which had been the only
ruling Government of Zambia since 1964. Though most of the original
members have left to join or start their own Parties or have passed
away, the MMD had still managed to win every election for 20 years
until their 2011 loss, accepted very democratically.
They are now lead by Nevers Mumba, a former Pastor and Ambassador to America
Nations Independant Party
The oldest active Political Party in Zambia (originally Socialist
in concept) and the first to take on the management of the Zambian
Republic under Dr. Kenneth Kaunda in 1964, UNIP is still participating
in elections today (though they only managed to claim the 6th position).
Though Dr. Kaunda, or KK as he' s fondly know to the world (still
Zambia' s most Internationally renowned politician) has passed on
the leadership to one of his many Politician sons Tilyenge Kaunda,
the party still maintains a proud history and place in the hearts
of the Zambian people.
Run by Brigadier General Godfrey Miyanda, a former Minister under
both KK' s and Chiluba' s governments and an experienced member of
Zambia' s Defence, the Heritage Party have a loyal backing amongst
a lot of traditional Zambians. Coming 4th in the 2006 General Election
General Miyanda is still available politically for comment and support
of Zambian Ideology and Governance.
Formerly Presidented by Jet setting business Entrepreneur Kenny Ngondo
(a former Governer of Bank Of Zambia now deceased) who won his first
political MP seat in 1991 under KK' s UNIP, APC was formed in 2005
as Kenny Ngondo' s bid to gain further acknowledgement and position
for his political efforts after having spent 15 years under KK (UNIP
and General christian Tembo (FDD) only to see the Party presidencies
passed on to other members of the Party. Though they only managed
a 5th position finish in the 2006 elections, Kenny Ngondo had continued
to be of great political influence often seen and heard on TV and
in the News papers until his much acclaimed State Funeral in November
2012 watched by all the nation.
Started by General Christian Tembo(deceased since 2004) a former
member of the MMD Government in 1999, the FDD is currently Presidented
by Edith Nawakwi a former Lady Minister in the MMD government. This
was one of the primary branch of parties started in the late 1990s
in opposition to Frederick Chiluba' s '3rd Term' bid. Though the party
is not as active as it was in it' s initial stages, it still has it'
s Head Lining members.
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